To be included in these rankings, all colleges had to meet the following criteria for the specific subject being ranked:
- Offer an undergraduate degree (either associate or bachelor's) in that subject online
- Have awarded at least one degree or certificate in that subject in 2015-16
Once we had our list of schools for each subject, we ranked them on five criteria:
- In-state tuition, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015-16
- Graduation rate, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015-16
- Accessibility, based on the admissions rate, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015-16
- Program prominence, based on how many of the degrees and certificates awarded in 2015-16 were in this particular subject, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015-16
- Related subjects, based on the number of similar topics for programs in relevant CIP codes that are offered at any level, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015-16
- Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) 2016-17, National Center for Education Statistics, http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/
- Bachelor of Arts in Fine Game Arts Online, Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design, Accessed April 2017, http://www.rmcad.edu/academics/game-art-online
- eLearning Programs and Degrees, SCAD, Accessed April 2017, https://www.scad.edu/academics/elearning/programs?location=all&program=undergraduate
- Game Design Bachelor of Science, Full Sail University, Accessed April 2017, https://www.fullsail.edu/degrees/game-design-bachelor
- Online Game Development Degree Programs, Academy of Art University, Accessed April 2017, https://www.academyart.edu/academics/game-development/online-degrees
- Simulation and Game Design, Central Piedmont Community College, Accessed April 2017, http://www.cpcc.edu/sgd
- Art Directors, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/arts-and-design/art-directors.htm
- Computer Programmers, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/computer-and-information-technology/computer-programmers.htm
- Graphic Designers, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/arts-and-design/graphic-designers.htm
- Multimedia Artists and Animators, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/arts-and-design/multimedia-artists-and-animators.htm
- Software Developers, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/computer-and-information-technology/software-developers.htm
- Academy of Art University, School of Game Development, Accessed Aug. 30, 2017, www.academyart.edu, https://www.academyart.edu/academics/game-development
- Central Piedmont Community College, Simulation and Game Development, Accessed Aug. 30, 2017, http://cpcc.edu/sgd
- CNNMoney, "15. Video Game Designer," Best Jobs in America, Accessed Aug. 30, 2017, money.cnn.com, http://money.cnn.com/pf/best-jobs/2013/snapshots/15.html
- Drew Liming and Dennis Vilorio, "Work for play: Careers in video game development," for Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Fall 2011, Occupational Outlook Quarterly, https://www.bls.gov/careeroutlook/2011/fall/art01.pdf
- Full Sail University, Game Design: Bachelor of Science, Accessed Aug. 30, 2017, www.fullsail.edu, https://www.fullsail.edu/degrees/game-design-bachelor
- Rocky Mountain College of Art + Design, Bachelor of Fine Arts in Game Art Online, Accessed Aug. 30, 2017, www.rmcad.edu, http://www.rmcad.edu/academics/game-art-online
- The College Board, Major: Game and Interactive Media Design, Accessed Aug. 30, 2017, https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/majors/arts-visual-performing-design-applied-arts-game-interactive-media-design
Even one short decade ago, who would have expected video games to achieve the level of acclaim they have today? From professional e-sports players and sponsored Let's Players, to casual RPG strategists and devoted longtime fangirls, to children playing with vocabulary and mothers killing time with farm animals, it seems that there's a video game for any person or genre. But just like books or movies, there's always another brilliant idea just waiting to be discovered in the world of video games. If you want to be one of the people putting together the graphics, the music, the writing and the coding for those ideas, then a degree in video game development can be an excellent way to start your journey.
Best Online Colleges for Video Game Development in 2018
Looking for an online college for video game development? We describe the five best schools for the subject here, which we ranked by comparing data from the National Center for Education Statistics' Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Focusing on the online and nontraditional student, we weighed data points such as graduation rate, in-state tuition cost and number of online programs to create our list. To read more about our methodology, see the bottom of this page.
Full Sail University
Central Piedmont Community College
Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design
Academy of Art University
Savannah College of Art and Design
Degree Overview: Video Game Development
People who play video games can often think of ways to improve their favorite games, or even have ideas for brand-new ones. But aspiring video game designers cannot get by on creative talent and passion for gaming alone. They need a thorough understanding of the skills used in the field, which can be earned in an online program for video game development. This section gives a general overview of these programs and some of the skills that can be learned from them.
Online Video Game Development Courses
Strange though it may seem today, gaming is a field that is relatively young, and as such it is changing at a rapid pace. New technology and techniques are constantly evolving, and colleges with online video game development degree programs strive to provide the most up-to-date information available to prepare students for today's jobs.
One of the areas in which this medium is currently evolving is in how its professionals are taught, and different colleges have very different approaches to video game development for this reason. Most colleges focus on the technical side of gaming, with an emphasis on coding and computers. Some colleges opt for a more project management- and leadership-based stance. Still others paint the subject with a more artistic tint, oriented towards storytelling and/ or visual design. Consider what exactly it is you would like to do in video games before you commit to a program that has a different approach than you would like.
That being said, there are some subjects that are consistently important to the subject, even across different approaches. Some of these more general topics that come up in the majority of online programs for video game development are:
- History of games and gaming
- 2-D and 3-D graphics
- 3-D modeling, texturing and animation
- UI/UX design
- Artificial intelligence
- Computer programming
- Digital music and sound
- Character and level design
- Digital sculpting
- Storytelling for games
- Interactive design
- Business ethics and copyright
- Game design and development
Some video game development programs lead to associate degrees — these programs tend to be more concentrated on the specific skills required to conceptualize and create games. Online bachelor's degree programs in video game development, on the other hand, are usually more broad-based and may include courses such as art history, humanities, foundational drawing, color theory and more. Some colleges have relationships with major companies in the game development or entertainment industry, providing students the opportunity to do internships. And project, thesis or portfolio courses give students a chance to hone their talents while creating career-quality work that can then be used as a work sample for prospective employers after graduation.
Career-Related Skills to Develop
As you might expect, technology and solid visual design skills are important in this field, and are likely to be the primary focus of online education for video game development. However, there's more to game development than concept art, coding and animation (although those are all vitally important). Anyone who plays video games know that they are, at heart, stories. Players take a journey, assuming some degree of control in the progress as well as stakes in the narrative, so game developers must understand storytelling, including how to create compelling characters, anticipate all the paths and decisions players may take and build drama into stories that players want to be part of.
The stereotype of solitary video game designers working alone in dark rooms isn't terribly accurate. In fact, future video game developers should develop good interpersonal skills and learn how to work well in teams. After all, games are usually designed by teams — often made up of people from different departments, such as artists, programmers and designers — who have different perspectives and opinions. Knowing how to communicate effectively and work together to arrive at solutions are crucial skills in this field.
Additionally, a bit of business savvy — marketing, management, budgeting — especially for those who wish to become team leaders or managers, might be helpful for students to emphasize in their programs.
Video Game Development Career Outlook
With the popularity of video games and virtual entertainment on the rise, it's only natural for young people to consider a career in this thriving industry. With the right skills, it's possible to learn how to develop video games and game concepts and bring them to life. Keep reading to learn more about jobs available in this field and where they could lead.
Computer programmers use their in-depth knowledge of computer code to write programs people use in their everyday lives. This can encompass programs for computers, phones, tablets… or video games. Programmers guide the progression of code all throughout its existence: sometimes they write fresh code to create a new program; sometimes they test, simplify and improve existing code. Programmers work closely with software developers, and in some businesses — particularly smaller or indie game companies — their duties may even overlap.
Graphic designers are charged with creating visual concepts for a wide range of digital projects, focusing on the way that people will interact with these visuals and how these visuals can be used. Generally speaking, graphic designers dedicate their time to projects such as a game studio's logos, brand or advertising, but they fulfill an important role for the games themselves as well. Every game needs icons and interfaces in order for players to interact with the game's world in an understandable way, and designing those integral components to be clean and comprehensive requires a graphic designer's expertise.
In addition to their bachelor's degree, individuals interested in graphic design careers would be wise to put together a professional portfolio that demonstrates their creativity and skill.
Application developers are the creative minds behind popular web-based or computer applications. They come up with new ideas for applications, visualize computer programs that could make their ideas work in real life, then write the code that makes applications work. Once their application has become a reality, these professionals troubleshoot their ideas, patching any problems that arise and developing new add-ons and enhancements for their work. Lastly, application developers put aside time to continue to test their products for quality, making sure they continue to function and attract new users. Since these professionals need to understand a wide range of computer programs and technical concepts, most application developer careers start with a bachelor's degree in a computer-related field.
In the world of video game creation, multimedia artists and animators are the geniuses behind all visual effects. They brainstorm with graphic designers and other visual artists to come up with game characters and concepts, then use software programs to turn their ideas into tangible components of games and applications. While the work may be creative in nature, these workers need plenty of skill with computers in order to master the software used in this career.
These workers do much of the "fun work" regarding video game creation, using their artistic talents to craft the characters, landscapes, animations and cutscenes that breathe life into the world of a game. Whether they're working with the latest technology to create sprawling, hyperrealistic masterpieces or invoking the past with stylistic, pixelated splendor, the work of the multimedia artists is likely the first thing a gamer will see and the last thing they'll forget.
Art directors are in charge of overseeing the creation of video games and concepts from beginning to end. They make big decisions regarding game style and scope, then communicate their ideas to other artists working on a given project. They also develop budgets and timelines, then oversee a wide range of artists and designers working on a specific project. Because these professionals are in charge of overseeing entire departments, many art director careers start with a bachelor's degree and plenty of related work experience or management experience.
While art directors don't do a lot of the artistic "grunt work," they are charged with ensuring the final product is high quality and, most importantly, fun or engaging for the consumer. Ultimately, art directors answer to their clients. In the case of video game design or production, that usually means they answer to the game companies who will market and sell the games created by their department.